Tag Archives: user

How to add user to group

How can I add a user to a group under Linux operating system?

You can use the useradd or usermod commands to add a user to a group. The useradd command creates a new user or update default new user information. The usermod command modifies a user account i.e. it is useful to add user to existing group. There are two types of group. First is primary user group and other is secondary group. All user account related information is stored in /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow and /etc/group files to store user information.

useradd Example – Add A New User To Secondary Group
You need to the useradd command to add new users to existing group (or create a new group and then add user). If group does not exist, create it. The syntax is as follows:
useradd -G {group-name} username

In this example, create a new user called vivek and add it to group called developers. First login as a root user (make sure group developers exists), enter:
grep developers /etc/group
Output:
developers:x:1124:

If you do not see any output then you need to add group developers using groupadd command:
groupadd developers
Next, add a user called vivek to group developers:
useradd -G developers vivek
Setup password for user vivek:
passwd vivek
Ensure that user added properly to group developers:
id vivek
Output:
uid=1122(vivek) gid=1125(vivek) groups=1125(vivek),1124(developers)
Please note that capital G (-G) option add user to a list of supplementary groups. Each group is separated from the next by a comma, with no intervening whitespace. For example, add user jerry to groups admins, ftp, www, and developers, enter:
useradd -G admins,ftp,www,developers jerry

useradd example – Add a new user to primary group
To add a user tony to group developers use following command:
useradd -g developers tony
id tony

Output:
uid=1123(tony) gid=1124(developers) groups=1124(developers)
Please note that small -g option add user to initial login group (primary group). The group name must exist. A group number must refer to an already existing group.

usermod example – Add a existing user to existing group
Add existing user tony to ftp supplementary/secondary group with usermod command using -a option ~ i.e. add the user to the supplemental group(s). Use only with -G option :
usermod -a -G ftp tony
Change existing user tony primary group to www:
usermod -g www tony

Reference: cyberciti.biz

useradd

NAME
useradd – create a new user or update default new user information

SYNOPSIS
useradd [options] LOGIN
useradd -D
useradd -D [options]

EXAMPLE
add user jerry to groups admins, ftp, www, and developers, enter:
useradd -G admins,ftp,www,developers jerry
add a user tony to group developers use following command:
useradd -g developers tony

usermod

NAME
usermod – modify a user account

SYNOPSIS
usermod [options] LOGIN
EXAMPLE
Add existing user tony to ftp supplementary/secondary group with usermod command using -a option ~ i.e. add the user to the supplemental group(s). Use only with -G option :
usermod -a -G ftp tony
Change existing user tony primary group to www:
usermod -g www tony

rlogin

NAME
rlogin – remote login
SYNOPSIS
rlogin rhost [-ec] [-8] [-c] [ -a] [-f] [-F] [-t termtype] [-n] [-7] [-PN | -PO] [-4] [-d] [-k realm] [-x] [-L] [-l username]
rlogin [-8EKLdx] [-e char] [-k realm] [-l username] host rlogin [-8EKLdx] [-e char] [-k realm] username@host

passwd

NAME
passwd – update a user’s authentication tokens(s)
SYNOPSIS
passwd [-k] [-l] [-u [-f]] [-d] [-n mindays] [-x maxdays] [-w warndays] [-i inactivedays] [-S] [--stdin] [username]