Category Archives: install

phpSHIELD Loader

phpSHIELD is a premier php Encoder product. Loaders for phpSHIELD encoded scripts are free to download and install.

Check your servers PHP version. You do this by typing the command:
php -vCheck your system architecture. You do this by typing the command:
uname -i
The result will either be i386 or x86_64. You will need this information to download the correct PHPshield loaders.

Check your PHP extensions_directory. You do this by typing the command:
php -i|grep extension_dirMy path is
extension_dir => /usr/lib/php5/20090626 => /usr/lib/php5/20090626
You must first delete any loaders that may already be in your extensions directory
cd /usr/lib/php5/20090626
rm phpshield.*

Download PHPshield Loaders. You must now download the appropriate PHPshield loader, based on your system architecture. below is a list of the files we have available for download

  • Linux, i386, v5.2.x wget http://downloads.phpmotion.com/phpshield-loaders/32bit/phpshield.5.2.lin
  • Linux, x86_64, v5.2.x wget http://downloads.phpmotion.com/phpshield-loaders/64bit/phpshield.5.2.lin
  • Linux, i386, v5.3.x wget http://downloads.phpmotion.com/phpshield-loaders/linux/i386/ixed.5.3
  • Linux, x86_64, v5.3.x wget http://downloads.phpmotion.com/phpshield-loaders/linux/x86_64/ixed.5.3

v5.2.x
mv phpshield.5.2.lin /usr/lib/php5/20090626/
v5.3.x
mv ixed.5.3 /usr/lib/php5/20090626/
First you need to find out the location of your main php.ini file. This file is the main configuration file for PHP on your server.
You do this by typing the command belowphp -i|grep php.iniYou should get a result that shows something like thisLoaded Configuration File => /etc/php.ini
In the case of our example above, the path we want it /etc/php.ini (others, /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini)
Now run the command below. Remember to use your own php.ini directoy path in the command above
echo "extension=ixed.5.3" >> /etc/php.ini

Restart your web server
/etc/init.d/apache restart
OR
/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Reference: phpSHIELD PHP encoder, Loaders

PHP PEAR installation and configuration

PEAR is short for “PHP Extension and Application Repository” and is pronounced just like the fruit. The purpose of PEAR is to provide:

  • A structured library of open-source code for PHP users
  • A system for code distribution and package maintenance
  • A standard style for code written in PHP, specified here
  • The PHP Extension Community Library (PECL), see more below
  • A web site, mailing lists and download mirrors to support the PHP/PEAR community

Installation
There is not important what it is your OS: you could download http://pear.php.net/go-pear to begin installation.
wget http://pear.php.net/go-pear
mv go-pear go-pear.php
php go-pear.php

or simply:
aptitude install php-pear (Debian / Ubuntu)
yum install php-pear (Fedora / Centos)

Verifying the include path
To use PEAR and PEAR compatible packages in your applications, you normally include them into your PHP scripts using require_once(). For this to work, PEAR’s php_dir must be a part of PHP’s include path.
1. First, check where PEAR installs .php files:
pear config-get php_dir
mine output is:
/usr/local/php/pear/
This directory will contain System.php.
2. Now it’s time to find which configuration file is used by your PHP installation. On command line, execute:
php --ini | grep Loaded
mine output is:
Loaded Configuration File: /etc/php.ini
To see which php.ini is used by PHP on your web server, create a file with only as the contents, and save it in your local web root as check_php.php. Open the file in your browser as http://localhost/check_php.php, to find the path to the php.ini file your web server is using.
3. include_path about php.ini must include php pear directory:
grep include_path /etc/php.ini | egrep "^[^;]"
mine output is:
include_path = ".:/usr/local/php/pear/"
If your include_path does not contain php pear directory, then you must add it modifying php.ini.
Modifying php.ini
To get PEAR working properly, you need to adjust PHP’s include_path. After you found php.ini, open it in an editor.
Search for the line include_path.
Now that you found it, you probably will see a semicolon ; at the beginning. This means the line is a comment. Add a new line below it.
In this line, write:
include_path="."
Depending on your operating system, add a : (Unix/Linux/FreeBSD/Mac OS X) or a ; (Windows) after the dot. Add PEAR’s php_dir after it. (The directory System.php is located in!)
The result should look like that:
; Unix
include_path=".:/usr/local/php/pear/"

or
; Windows
include_path=".;C:\php\pear\"

Checking if PEAR works
Now that this is done, try including a file. Create a new check_pear.php file with the following contents:

require_once 'System.php';
var_dump(class_exists('System'));
?>

System.php is shipped with every PEAR installation and thus should be on your computer, too. Open the file with the browser from your web server, and also try it on command line:
php check_pear.php
The only output should be
bool(true)
A message like:
Warning: require_once(System.php): failed to open stream:
No such file or directory in /path/to/check_pear.php on line 2

means that your include path is not correct. (So go and fix it!)
Installing packages
After getting PEAR working on your machine you most likely want to install some packages. This guide shows people new to the PEAR command line installer how to get started. The general command to install a PEAR package named “foo” is
pear install foo
Typing this and pressing return, the package will be downloaded and installed on your computer. It does not matter if you write the package name in lowercase, UPPERCASE or MixedCase – the installer will find the package by lowercasing the name.
When a package is already installed, you will get the following message:
pear install foo
Output is:
Ignoring installed package pear/foo
Nothing to install

This happens even if there is a newer version of the package! The correct command to upgrade to the lastest version is
pear upgrade foo
Output is:
upgrade ok: channel://pear.php.net/Foo-1.2.3
If the package already has the lastest version, you will get a message similar to the following:
Ignoring installed package pear/Foo
Nothing to upgrade

In the case you deleted some file and really really want to re-install the package, you have two choices:

  • Uninstall the package, and reinstall it afterwards
  • Force the installation

Forcing an command should only be done when you absolutely know what you are doing – you might in some circumstances break PEAR otherwise. Forcing something should always be the last option.
pear install -f foo
pear upgrade -f foo

Unstable alpha/beta packages
Now and then, you will get error messages like

Failed to download pear/foo within preferred state "stable",
latest release is version 0.1.2, stability "beta",
use "channel://pear.php.net/foo-0.1.2" to install
Cannot initialize 'channel://pear.php.net/foo', invalid or missing package file
Package "channel://pear.php.net/foo" is not valid
install failed

Reason for this is that PEAR by default installs stable packages only. When a package is in state devel, alpha or beta it will refuse to install them. You can easily persuade it by adding either the version number or the stability you are willing to accept:
pear install Foo-beta
pear install Foo-alpha

You can also install a specific version, or upgrade to a specific version regardless of the state:
pear install Foo-1.2.3
pear upgrade Foo-1.2.3

Verifying the open basedir
It may happen that from the command line php pear works and via browser no. In the apache configuration file of domain may need to add:

php_admin_value open_basedir "/var/www/domain.my/httpdocs:/usr/local/php/pear/:/tmp"
php_admin_value include_path ".:/usr/local/php/pear/"

Reference: about PEAR, getting started, installing packages, checking if PEAR works, mediatemple.net.

php5 update on CentOS

If you have CentOS v5.2 then you have PHP v5.1.6. Any PHP5 systems need PHP5 > v5.2.
The php-sqlite2 library has a problem to update so that you must delete it:
yum erase php-sqlite2
Now, you have got any solutions:

    Update PHP5 to last stable version and create /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Testing.repo with this content:

    [c5-testing]
    name=CentOS-5 Testing
    baseurl=http://dev.centos.org/centos/$releasever/testing/$basearch/
    enabled=1
    gpgcheck=1
    gpgkey=http://dev.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-testing
    includepkgs=php*

    Update PHP5 to last beta version and create /etc/yum.repos.d/utterramblings.repo with this content:

    [utterramblings]
    name=Jason's Utter Ramblings Repo
    baseurl=http://www.jasonlitka.com/media/EL$releasever/$basearch/
    enabled=1
    gpgcheck=1
    gpgkey=http://www.jasonlitka.com/media/RPM-GPG-KEY-jlitka

Now, you could update system:
yum update

Reference: wiki.centos.org and jasonlitka.com

php-mcrypt installation on CentOS

Updating/Installing mcrypt
If you have php-mcrypt for PHP 5.1.x installed you’ll want to remove it:
Note: Your version number maybe different. Alter below command accordingly.
rpm -e php-mcrypt-5.1.6-15.el5.centos.1
Download php-mcrypt for PHP 5.2.x and install it. You can find a 32-bit php-mcrypt package here FedoraJunkies.
Note: You’ll notice the “–nodeps” flag in the example. When you try to install php-mcrypt without it you get an error that php-common-5.2.6-2.el5s2 is missing even though it is installed.
wget -c http://sourcemirrors.org/scotth/centos/5/php/php-mcrypt-5.2.6-2.i386.rpm
rpm -i --nodeps php-mcrypt-5.2.6-2.i386.rpm

Restart Apache and you should now see mcrypt information on your testing.php page.

System installs library and creates /usr/lib/php5/../mcrypt.so
Check if mcrypt.ini file exists or create it in /etc/php5/conf.d and added this one liner:
extension=mcrypt.so

Reference: wiki.centos.org, php.net